Hailing the New Education Policy (NEP) approved by the
Union Cabinet of the Indian government that seeks to “transform the Indian
education system,” Rajendra Pratap Gupta, Member of the policy committee on
Thursday said the government has tried to address practical challenges in the
National Educational Policy and shift focus from bookish and exam based
knowledge to competence assessment.
The Narendra Modi
led government on Thursday introduced sweeping reforms in the New Education
Policy (NEP), which replaces the thirty-four-year-old National Policy on
Education (NPE), 1986.
up to class 5 in mother tongue or regional language, lowering the stakes of
board exams, a single regulator for higher education institutions except for
law and medical colleges and common entrance tests for universities are part of
the new education policy.
Speaking to crowdteck.com, Gupta said the current system
was examination based and did not focus on skill development and that students
can now opt for the courses they want to, without any subject being looked at
as “inferior”. “We have tried to address practical challenges in our policy.
Here students will learn a lot of things by doing it themselves. This policy is not much into bookish
education but more into competence assessment,” he said.
Gupta claimed he had never seen a policy that
looks to unleash potential of children using latest technologies in place. “We
are encouraging students to become serious and develop their listening
capacity,” Gupta said.
Meanwhile, experts state the new policy has a sharp global outlook with an emphasis on 360 degree learning,
advancing life skills and focusing on talent generation, which will give
students more exposure to best global practices in education and enrich their
Prajodh Rajan, Co-Founder and Group CEO- EuroKids International said the
NEP has many steps
in the positive direction, expected to transform the Indian education system.
“We laud the inclusion and focus given to early childhood care and education
(ECCE) as it brings to light the importance of early learning,” he added.
Md. Sajid Khan, Head of
International Development at Association of Chartered Certified Accountants
(ACCA) said the policy will transform the higher education sector and
empower our young generation with the right knowledge, skills, values and
competencies, thereby laying a strong foundation for India’s economic growth
and supporting ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’.
Sharad Mehra, CEO Asia Pacific – Global University Systems (GUS) said the NEP is a transformative step in the right direction on a number of
fronts – The concept of the centre and states collaborating to increase the public
investment in the education sector to reach 6 per cent of GDP is a welcome
move. “The NEP has an inclusive and balanced outlook which gives emphasis to
arts, culture, creative, STEM Courses, in addition to blended,
multi-disciplinary and immersive learning as well as augmenting digital
learning. The policy has a sharp global outlook with an emphasis on 360 degree
learning, advancing life skills and focusing on talent generation,” he
“The move of re-naming -Ministry
of Human Resource Development (HRD) as Ministry of Education, is an intrinsic
part of human development which is very laudable and progressive ”, he added.
Shishir Jaipuria, Co-Chairman, FICCI ARISE
said the policy offers a number of well-reasoned and bold reformative steps in
the right direction and conveys a clear bias for disruptive change to meet the
future learning needs.
“However, with the growing demand of
investment required for India to reach SDG 4 by 2030, it would be unrealistic
to expect such large investments coming solely from the government and purely
philanthropic initiatives,” he said.
Professor Mahadeo Jaiswal, Director, IIM Sambalpur said allowing global institutes
to set up campuses in India is also a positive move as it will increase
competition because it will open up the education system and it will also help
sustain high talent in the country as students don’t have to move out to pursue
pedagogical structure from a 10+2 system to a 5+3+3+4 system is in line with
international educational standards. Due to the small structure of our IIMs and
IITs, despite having ample talent, they were unable to figure in top 100
institutes of the world. Allowing technical institutes to become
multi-disciplinary will help IIMs and IITs to start other departments like
medical etc and make their size bigger and allow them to admit more students,”
The new policy aims for
universalisation of education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 per
cent Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030 and aims to raise
GER in higher education to 50 per cent by 2025. Also the NEP 2020 aims to
increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education including vocational
education from 26.3 per cent in 2018 to 50 per cent by 2035 and aims to add 3.5
crore new seats to higher education institutions.
An autonomous body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, administration. Policy also aims to achieve 100 per cent youth and adult literacy.
By -Murtuza Merchant